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March 2015

Bella Ag Health Monitoring System

By Wynnstay Dairy News 4 years ago

We are proud to introduce the world’s best dairy cow and cattle temperature monitoring system. Designed for herd managers and vets, the Bella Ag Cattle Temperature System® allows you to monitor cattle temperature wirelessly, automatically alerting consistent high fever or low temperatures.

The system is proven to improve overall herd health, detect illnesses three to five days sooner, increase milk production, reduce treatment costs, reduce mortality rates, improve production efficiency and help maintain your bottom line. The bolus, which resides in the reticulum of the cow, records the cow’s core body temperature every 15 minutes for 4 years providing an up to date picture of herd health.


Automatic Temperature Alerts
Most of your cattle are healthy most of the time; it’s the ones that aren't that you need to know about. The Bella Ag software analyses the temperature data collected from your cattle and generates a list of only the ones that have problems. Alert lists can be printed out at specific times and sent out via text message or email.

Early Illness Detection
Nearly anytime a cow’s immune system is compromised, a change in core temperature can be detected. Whether this is demonstrated by a high fever or consistent low temperatures, monitoring this parameter has proven to be a highly accurate detection tool for cow illness.

• Aborts
• Infected abscesses
• Mastitis
• Respiratory infections
• Retained Placentas
• Uterine infections (usually within 3 weeks of calving)

Reduced Treatment Costs
Responding to the temperature alerts enables you to have a head start on whatever it is that’s causing problems. Most treatments work better when administered early in the illness cycle and cows will recover faster the earlier you start treating them. Faster recovery means fewer chronics and less costly

Reduced Mortality Rates
By detecting illness earlier you have the ability to administer treatments sooner and more effectively. Helping decrease animal susceptibility to physiological compromises and maintain a higher degree of over-all herd health. The end result of this is fewer involuntary culls. Users of the Bella Ag system report an average reduction in first lactation fresh cow mortality of 50%.

Increased Milk Production
After a cow calves, her milk production climbs at a fast rate for the first few months of her lactation and this is the time when she’s the most vulnerable. High energy rations combined with high conversion into milk means that each of your cows is giving all she’s got and any little hiccup as her production climbs can mean a dramatic crash. Not responding to the issue fast enough she’ll never hit her peak production and won’t produce as much milk through the rest of her lactation as she normally would have.

The Bella Ag temperature monitoring bolus, a product which is exclusive to the Wynnstay portfolio won an award for the product which showed the most potential for improving agriculture in Wales at the Royal Welsh Show’s 2014 Tomorrow Today Exhibition.

The Bella Ag Bolus was chosen as one of ten products in the Tomorrow Today exhibition of  innovation in agriculture at the show in July 2014, and came out with the top prize of Royal Welsh Award of Merit (Machinery & Trade stands) for new innovation that shows the most potential for improving agriculture in Wales.

Written by Dr. Huw McConochie - Head of Dairy Technical Services
Follow @HuwMcConochie
For more information email dairy@wynnstay.co.uk

The True Cost of Under-performing Calves.

By Wynnstay Dairy News 4 years ago

We have been running a series of Calf Signals workshops over the last few months.  These workshops have been run by vet Owen Atkinson and even though I have been to a lot of them, it’s still fascinating to learn what all the different ‘bottle necks’ are on each farm.  Not surprising the most common one has been during the 0-3 month stage of life. But what is the true cost of underperforming calves during the pre-weaning stage?
While it is clear that there is a great deal more focus being paid to calf rearing these days, driven I believe by the removal of antibiotic milk powder. It is still clear that we are under feeding calves and, as Owen Atkinson pointed out in the last Calf Signals training day , if we look at how calves in the UK have been fed, it’s safe to say that we have, historically, been underfeeding calves for the past 30 years!
So just how much does a calf need?Perhaps the question should be what are you/your business looking to gain from that animal?  ‘Early life nutrition and management can pre-program the metabolism of a calf to determine her life-time productivity’ (Soberon, Lifestart). Think carefully about that animal in the crucial 0-3 month stage because a strong, healthy and well grown calf during this stage will significantly impact her future production and your bottom line!
Metabolic ProgrammingWhat you do in that first 3 months of life will affect her from 2 years old and beyond. A strong healthy and well grown calf will have higher milk yields, develop into a stronger more durable cow with a higher lifetime production.  Surely this is a no brainer for your business?
Source: Dairy Co
That’s an extra 5 tons of milk by moving from 25m to 22m calving!! Looking at these figures, it is clear that  both your heifer and your bottom line will benefit from calving between the ages of 22-24 years old. But how do you get there?
FeedingUsing whole milk or a high quality milk replacer fed intensively is the key to unlocking targeted improvements in performance (Lifestart, 2014).
Traditionally we have only been feeding calves 4L of milk a day, clearly not enough. For optimal performance we must aim to feed our calves 150g/1L of good quality milk replacer and building to feed 6L a day at a rate of 900g.  However, in cold weather (i.e 10˙ or below) calves require additional calories to maintain growth, so aim for 165g/1L.
Calves fed for greater pre-weaning average daily live weight gains are two times more likely to have greater milk yield in the first lactation. In addition, growing your heifers during that period will help you achieve the target serving height of 125cm (for Holstein). 
Written by Rebecca Richards - Calf SpecialistFollow Rebecca: @richardscalf1For more information contact dairy@wynnstay.co.uk

Digital Dermatitis - Key Prevention Strategies

By Wynnstay Dairy News 4 years ago

Judging by the number of dairy farmers who flocked to the lameness workshops held by Wynnstay, there is still plenty of scope to improve cow mobility on our dairy units.

The Digital Dermatitis workshops held at Walford College, Shropshire and at Derimoelion Farm in South Wales were well attended. The focus of the workshops was to provide farmers with a better understanding of the diseases and to discuss nutritional and practical approaches to reducing the incidence and effect of the disease on herd performance.

Digital dermatitis (DD) has become an increasing problem in most UK dairy herds for the past few decades. Blowey (2005), claimed that the prevalence of Digital Dermatitis in the UK dairy herd was in the region of 20%. In reality in many herds it is probably a lot higher. During routine parlour walks it is not uncommon to see over 50% of hind feet affected by DD, and each case of DD is estimated to cost the industry £70/ hd in lost milk. However this estimate is likely to be highly conservative if treatment, early culling and poor fertility are taken into account. It is highly contagious, and can, if left unchecked, cause painful ulcerations that often lead to lameness. Lameness decreases dairy cow milk production and reproductive performance. With such a costly and wide reaching effect on animal performance, it’s no wonder that this infectious disease is a serious concern for dairy producers.

Farmers who visited the workshops had an opportunity to hear and debate the latest research on DD from one of the leading authorities on the disease, Dr. Arturo Gomez, Dairy Veterinarian with Zinpro Corporation. David Rowe demonstrated the Dutch 5 step trimming method, and highlighted the importance of maintaining adequate sole depth, improving depth of heel and the correct technique for modelling out the soles underneath the pedal bone. Jonathan Huxtable, UK and Ireland Ruminant product manager for Zinpro presented the results of on farm evaluation of a new mineral formulation designed to reduce DD incidence rates. Dr Huw McConochie, Senior Dairy Specialist at Wynnstay discussed aspects of the cows environment and nutrition that affected the establishment and progression of the disease.

To make any progress, it is fundamental to understand the disease and its cycle. Figure 1 shows the Digital Dermatitis cycle showing how the disease works. M2 and M4 lesions are the most important to understand. The M2 lesion is an acute clinical stage and needs topical treatment, as healing this will change it into an M4, where it can either heal and turn back into an M0 or become reinfected and turn into an M4.1 ,where the cycle starts again. Where there are a large number of M4 within the herd footbathing is the main form of treatment, this is where footbath design is very important.

Regular foot bathing of cows has been the answer on most dairy herds, however there is more that can be done to control the disease. Footbathing is effective at preventing the M4 lesions turning into M4.1.

Below is a list of 4 things that can be improved on farm to reduce the incidence of DD

1. Foot Hygiene
Foot hygiene is vitally important in restricting the spread of DD, slurry and M4 cows are the biggest reservoir of the infectious bacteria Treponema spp. Hygiene of the lower leg and foot is critical. The target should be a herd leg score around 1 and 2. Higher leg scores indicate a problem with the cows environment and could be related to one of the following;
Source: Dr. Nigel Cook, University of Winsconsin-Madison Veterinary School
• Stocking rates of the sheds
• Width of passageways
• How often scraped out-3x, 2x, automatic scrapers
• Walkthroughs scraped regularly

2. Correct Trimming of Cows Feet
Feet should be trimmed regularly but will vary according to the environment. Cows housed on sand may only require a single trim, once a year due to the abrasiveness of the sand. However in general, functional/corrective trimming should be done at least twice a year, before drying off and 80-100 DIM. Regular trimming will keep the foot angle high and prevent the heal area being exposed to slurry, regular trimming will also give the opportunity to remove any loose horn around the heel where infection take hold.

3. Parlour Walking- Finding cows with lesions
It is important to assess the lesions on hind feet of cows and parlour walks can help to achive this objective. Parlour walks should be done weekly, fortnightly or monthly depending on the incidence rate within the herd. Parlour walking should be done using a torch to assess the incidence rates of M2 and M4 and treat accordingly. Keep records so improvements or problems can be monitored. The M2 lesions feet should be lifted and a topical treatment used. If bandages are used make sure these are removed within 12 hours of being applied.

4. Treating the dry cows for DD
Dry cows and heifers should be included in the herd’s hoof care management plan. Maintaining high levels of hygiene and leg score, regular footbathing, as well as walking the cows and looking for M2s and treating appropriately. These are the cows under the most stress around calving so ensuring good hoof health is a priority to support a smooth transition period. Research shows that cows that don’t develop DD prior to first calving produce 350 kg more milk than those than do.

A crucial factor in herd prevalence for digital dermatitis is the rearing period. A milking herd’s success in DD prevention will be determined by the quality of DD prevention during this period. A recent study conducted at the University of Wisconsin, USA, showed that 67% of the heifers that were initially infected with DD during the rearing period also experienced a case of DD during first lactation. However, animals kept disease-free (during the rearing period) experienced a case of DD during first lactation only in 13% of the cases.

“Dairy producers can prevent the development of digital dermatitis, a highly prevalent infectious claw disease, by utilizing a nutritional strategy in heifers,” said Arturo Gomez, Ph.D., dairy veterinarian with Zinpro Corporation.

According to Dr. Gomez, digital dermatitis is an ongoing challenge on our dairies and there are very limited ways to control it. Availa®Plus, from Zinpro Performance Minerals®, currently available in the US and soon to be available in Europe, represents not only a new trace mineral product, but an entirely new approach to foot health management. It was developed specifically for use in cattle. Improving trace mineral nutrition within a well-fortified diet has been shown to help cattle build stronger skin integrity and a more empowered immune system from the inside out. Through the use of Availa- Plus, heifers start their first lactation healthier and with an advantage for a better performance” said Dr. Gomez. For greater yield and performance Availa-Plus should be considered for feeding in all calf heifer diets.

Written by Iwan Vaughan - Dairy Specialist
Follow Iwan @maesmochnant
For more information contact dairy@wynnstay.co.uk

Making Informed Decisions When Replacing Cows

By Wynnstay Dairy News 4 years ago

I frequently get asked the following questions;

When should I stop trying to breed a cow?
Below what level of production should I replace a cow?
And should I sell this cow even though she is in-calf?

In essence the question that is being asked is how valuable a cow or lactation is compared to the value of a replacement. Obviously there are a plethora of factors that interact and should be taken into account when trying to determine the correct answer. However, it must also be recognised that there is no one rule that will apply to every cow as each ones age, level of production and fertility status is different. To date the most useful tool I have come across for estimating the value of both lactation and pregnancy is the CowVal and PregVal modules in DairyComp305 software which were developed by Connor Jameson, John Fetrow and Steve Eicker.

The “Cow Value” module in Dairy Comp 305 estimates the value of each cow in a dairy herd relative to an average fresh heifer. A positive Cow Value means the animal is worth more than an average heifer in that herd. A negative Cow Value suggests the animal is worth less than an average heifer. In addition to estimating the value of the cow, the module also calculates the current value of a pregnancy for each adult, to help managers decide if an open animal should be inseminated. There are two important rules the program uses to estimate cow values:

  1. A dairy running at capacity is the most profitable.
  2. Less profitable animals should be replaced with more profitable animals.

Every decision made on an animal in a commercial dairy is based on improving the herd’s profitability. You keep an animal because she is more profitable to keep than to replace. You breed animals because they will be more profitable if they become pregnant.

Cow Value estimates can help the herd manager assign a value to animals more consistently. When calculating the value of a cow DC305 realizes that a commercial dairy cow’s current value is the sum of her value for beef and the value of the milk she is likely to produce in the future. The value of an animal’s future production is based on;

  • The amount of milk she is likely to produce in the future
  • The price of milk in the future
  • The value of the money you must invest in the animal

The amount of milk an animal is likely to produce in the future is based on:

  • Age - The younger the animal, the longer she is likely to stay in the herd and produce milk.
  • Stage of lactation - an animal that is 30 days in milk is likely to produce more milk in the future than an animal that is 200 days in milk
  • Reproductive status - an animal that is pregnant is likely to produce more future milk, than an animal that is open. An animal that was just inseminated is more likely to be pregnant than an animal that has not been inseminated.
  • Production level - a high producing animal is likely to produce more milk than a low producing animal. 

The following tables are examples taking from the DC305 software which is why they are in dollars:
The future value of a cow is of course, unknown.

Table 1

The module is based on models that estimate the future profitability of a cow based on the parameters listed above. But certainly, pregnant cows are much more likely to remain in the herd, and higher producing cows are more likely to be more profitable next lactation too. Thus, these predictions should be used as guidelines. They are not meant to replace sound judgment, but to augment it.

Table 2

The value of a cow is always relative to that of a replacement heifer. Thus, a cow with a negative value is a potential cull. A cow with a value of £150 that is diagnosed with a displaced abomasum may be more profitable culled than treated. 
The estimated value of a pregnancy can assist a dairy in deciding whether it is worth the effort to breed a cow. Likewise, for a pregnant cow, the pregnancy value can help estimate the cost of an abortion. Open cows with negative pregnancy values should not be bred, as spending money onpregnancy will lower their value!
Perhaps the most thought-provoking concept arises when an open cow has a negative cow value, and also has a negative pregnancy value. This means she is worth less pregnant than if she remains open. However, the software algorithm assumes that cows that are not coded DNB (do not breed cows) are still trying to get pregnant, and that a percentage of the time they will. Thus, this cow will have a lower cow value while she is still eligible to be breed. Her value should increase once she is flagged as a DNB. This makes sense - it is sometimes a profitable decision to flag a cow as a DNB cow. Note that a cow flagged as DNB may still have a positive cow value, until her milk production decreases below that cull/cut off value.
The flip side is also of interest. Any DNB cow that has a positive pregnancy value has hopefully been flagged DNB because of some reason other than current milk production. This pregnancy value may be a crude estimate of the cost of culling her.
By necessity, we are modelling the future to predict the future production of each cow. We make lots of assumptions, such as eventually, all cows leave the dairy, and when they do, a replacement enters the herd. Crucial to the model is that a dairy farm will operate to maximize profitability. Again, DNB cows demonstrate some of the fundamental concepts.
Cows flagged as do not breed cows (DNB) or cows which fail to conceive are probably a bit more straight forward and are the cows which dairyman usually want to know at what daily milk yield should I sell this cow.
A cow should be sold once her milk production generates less profit than the daily replacement cost. If we take a rough estimate that our replacement cost for every cow in the herd is around 50p a day and our profit per litre is 5p she should be sold once her yield drops below 25 litres. This is because after all costs a heifer will generate around 80-90p profit per day based on a milk price of 28p and a gross profit of 4p. 
In order to calculate the cut off yield per day all that is required is the average cull value, replacement rate, cost of a replacement, milk price, milk yield and profit per litre being generated, and is something that can easily be done for cows in your herd by one of the Wynnstay Technical Team.
The power of these prediction models are only as good as the data they use to generate the values and must be interpreted with caution. Take the example below from one of my clients herd.
Table 3
Take table 3 for example, cows 356, 162, and 157, all three are heifers and all have negative CWVAL values. This is mainly due to the fact that they have not been bred (NO BRED) are empty (0 DCC) and are well into their lactation (DIM). If they were in-calf however they would have positive PGVAL and would probably not be sold. With these three cows it would be important to ensure that they are actually empty and have been scanned empty or are indeed truly DNB cows. Missing information or inaccurate recording has a profound effect on the information generated by the model. Wynnstay can offer a CowVal assessment of a customer’s herd that milk record and record reproductive events on their monthly milk records.
Written by Huw McConochie - Head of Dairy Technical ServicesFollow on @HuwMcConochie
For more information contact dairy@wynnstay.co.uk

Transition Management

By Wynnstay Dairy News 4 years ago

Good Transition Management is the key to good reproductive performance

“The majority of dairy cows are normal from a reproductive perspective”, that was the message from Professor Mark Crowe University of Dublin for dairy farmers attending three on farm “Pregnancies for Profit workshops run by Wynnstay in conjunction with Elanco in November 2014.

Extensive studies of ovarian function have shown that 50-80% of the dominant follicles present on the ovaries post calving will ovulate. More importantly the presence of cystic ovaries is very over reported and in reality only occurs in up to 5% of cows post calving. Pulses of Luteinizing hormone (LH) are primarily responsible for the fate of the dominant follicle and therefore it is important that we understand what affects LH secretion in order to improve fertility in the dairy cow. Professor Crowe highlighted sub optimal Body Condition Scoring (BCS) at calving, declining negative energy balance in early lactation, excessive BCS loss in early lactation and reduced DMI. These effects are directly related to poor fertility in the previous lactation and inadequate transition cow management. One of the most significant changes dairy farmers can make to their management is ensuring that all cows spend at least three weeks on the transition diet. These cows will produce more milk, get in-calf sooner and last longer in the herd as a result. As one would expect health status also has a significant effect on resumption of ovarian function. Sick cows are less likely to cycle especially those which have suffered from dystocia, retained foetal membranes or a uterine infection. Again good transition cow management is the key. Sub-clinical ketosis is one of the main indicators of poor transitional health and is the gateway for a plethora of diseases that will affect fertility, production and survival.

Fertility in lame cows is severely compromised. As one would expect they demonstrate less intensity of bulling activity but also produce less progesterone, have less frequent LH pulses and produce smaller follicles. In terms of fertility this demonstrates the importance of inspecting feet at drying off and adopting an effective foot bathing regime. Follicle size is also significantly affected by mastitis. The incidence of mastitis in early lactation can be reduced by good hygiene at the point of drying off and in the dry cow housing.
Uterine infections were also demonstrated to effect ovarian function. High numbers of pathogens in utero caused slower follicle growth and produced small corpus lutei. Adequate Vitamin E, Selenium and chelated minerals in the transition cow and early lactation diet has been shown to have a positive effect on reducing transitional diseases and lameness especially when combined with effective transition cow management.
According to Professor Crowe 75-85% of cows will ovulate by day 42 of lactation. Unfortunately a large proportion of these will not be seen on heat and be identified as being non-cycling and requiring intervention unless an effective method of heat detection is employed. Professor Crowe’s recommended strategy is to conduct effective pre breeding heat detection and intervening with cows not seen bulling by 42 days. With good heat detection and fresh cow monitoring the need for the vet to routinely palpate each cow post calving is greatly reduced. Fresh cow monitoring can be simplified by the use of BellaAg health boluses that measure the cow’s body temperature every 15 minutes. These are excellent at identifying the first signs of transitional health issues and negate the need for manual temperature checking. Heat detection rates can be significantly improved by increasing the frequency of observations. However in most herds the time for heat detection is at a premium. Employing a combination of methods such tail chalking, the use of activity monitors, and manual observations can pay large dividends. 
Late gestation and early lactation nutrition, transition management, and introducing a structured protocol to reproductive management including pre-breeding heat detection will provide significant financial benefits from more milk and a reduction in the number of forced cullings. Transition 80/20 is an innovative approach to transition cow management introduced by Wynnstay which includes recommendations and protocols for successful transition management with associated products to support the cow through this short but key period of the production cycle.
Written by Dr Huw McConochie - Head of Dairy Technical Services
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For more information contact dairy@wynnstay.co.uk

The Lean Approach - Fertility & Health

By Wynnstay Dairy News 4 years ago

With no turnaround of global milk prices expected until the at least the last quarter of the year, producers need to look hard at their return from their variable and fixed costs. The key to weathering this difficult period will not be finding where to cut costs directly but by cutting costs through dilution, that is improving efficiency. According to leading agricultural analysts, the volatility within the dairy sector is here to stay and three key areas which will allow dairy farmers to maintain viable businesses during the periods of low returns have been highlighted;

1. Maintain a cash reserve generated from profits during the high milk price periods even if this results in paying more tax. Paying tax is an indicator of the strength of your business.

2. Investments designed to reduce your tax bill should predominantly be in facilities and technologies that improve output efficiency, i.e. cow comfort, feeding space, transition facilities, lighting, heat detection technology etc.

3. Improve technically and monitor the effects of changes using whole farm costings/benchmarking. Toyota have been the most successful motor company in the history of the industry. So what do they do that is so unique? Toyota are pioneers of lean manufacturing and the Total Production System, otherwise known as TPS. This approach is wholly responsible for their success in the world motor vehicles industry. One of the reasons is the emphasis that they place on continuous improvement. This is achieved by continually reflecting on their performance and a systematic approach to problem solving called PDCA or Plan-Do-Check-Act. This concept was derived from American W. Edwards Deming and is employed by Toyota to eliminate all waste that adds cost without adding value. Quite simply it revolves around repeatedly making changes to the production system and reflecting on the effect. It works because it is continuous and never stops.

Dairymen who know their costs for each input will be at a distinct advantage as they can see where the most significant opportunities are for reducing costs without affecting performance. More importantly they can continually monitor the effect of the refinements have on their costs. Response, Repeatability, Research, Return and Reassurance are the 5 most important considerations to take into account when considering the application of new technology on farm. Quite simply any change implemented has to be shown to be repeatedly effective in research trials conducted at reputable institutes and guaranteed to give you a return on investment. At Wynnstay we are strong advocates of the 5 R’s philosophy and for this reasons we have decided to put together a list of products, management regimes and technologies that meet this criteria. Based on the results of the supporting research we have also calculated an expected return of investment.

1. Transition Cow Management. Extensive studies conducted at Wisconsin University’s department of Veterinary Medicine have demonstrated that the difference between a poorly transitioned and a successfully transitioned cow is around 2500 litres per lactation. Sub clinical ketosis which is the main indicator of poor transition management costs around £690 per case. A 100 cow herd with an average incidence rate of 30% would be losing £20,700 every year. The cost of constructing new transition cow facilities with adequate lying and eating space and comfortable surface would be recouped after 1 herd cycle.

2. Improving Fertility. Pregnancy rate or risk is the most accurate measure of how efficiently cows are getting in-calf. On average one pregnancy rate point has a value of £24/cow/ year. For a 100 cows an improvement in pregnancy rate/risk of 1% is values at £2400. Pregnancy rate/risk can be improved by effective heat detection and increasing submission rates and by improving early lactation energy balance. Early lactation energy balance is affected by transition, diet and dry matter intake. An improvement in pregnancy rate/risk of 2% would return the investment made on heat detection collars in around 2 years. Combine the use of collars with manual heat detection and robust reproductive protocols and the ROI would be less.

3. Lying Times. Time budgets and stall design are two biggest factors affecting lying times. For every hour a cow lies down over 11 hours, milk yield increases 0.9 to 1.6 litres. Long milking times will affect lying times as will a shortage of feeding space when cows have to stand around and wait for a chance to feed. Checking stall dimensions and evaluating and upgrading the stall surface will give a healthy return on investment.

4. Rumen Protected Choline. Protected choline has been shown to have a positive effect on liver function and consequently milk production when fed 4 weeks pre and 8-10 weeks post calving. These results were achieved at a feed rate of no less than 15g/d. The cost of including Protected Choline in the dry and fresh cow diet for a total of 12 weeks would be £12.00. The extra milk would be worth £31 at a milk price of 25ppl.

5. Yeast. A meta-analysis of 52 production experiments showed that when live yeast was included in the diet of lactating dairy cows both DMI and milk yield were increased by around 2.5%. For a thirty litre cow that would be an extra 0.75litres at 25ppl which would be worth 18.75p. The cost of including live yeast in the diet would be approximately 6p/day. 6. Long Day Lighting. Providing long day lighting throughout the majority of the year for dairy cows has been shown to increase milk production by between 5 and 12% with a concurrent increase in DMI. Taking the lowest reported response of 5% would equate to a return on investment of around 8 months.

7. Including Availa chelated minerals in dairy and youngstock diets has been shown to benefit immunity, fertility, mammary health, claw integrity, milk production and milk quality and has been demonstrated in over 50 peer reviewed papers. The Wynnstay Team can provide the tools for measuring the success of the PDCA approach and can also support the establishment of benchmarking groups. Toyota has built its successful business on the Total Production System and the Wynnstay Team is here to help you adopt these practices to maximize efficiency and profitability.

Written by Dr. Huw McConoche - Head of Dairy Technical Services

For more information contact dairy@wynnstay.co.uk